Among the most important resources are numerous museums – (Capitoline Museums, Vatican Museums, Galleria Borghese, and many others) – aqueducts, fountains, churches, palaces, historic buildings, monuments, and ruins of the Roman Forum and the Catacombs. Rome is the second most visited city in the EU after Paris, receiving an average of 7-10 million tourists a year, sometimes doubling in Holy Years.
According to a recent study, the Colosseum (4 million tourists) and the Vatican Museums (4.2 million tourists) are respectively the 39th and 37th most visited places in the world. In 2005, the city welcomed 19.5 million visitors worldwide, 22.1% more than in 2001. In 2006, Rome was visited by 6.03 million international tourists and ranked 8th among the 150 most visited cities in the world.
The city was named the fourth most popular city in the world in 2007, after Florence, Buenos Aires, and Bangkok, according to lifestyle magazine Travel + Leisure. Rome is the city with the most monuments in the world. Like other Italian cities, Rome levies a tourist tax which helps maintain public transport and infrastructure. It varies from €3 to €7 per person per night, depending on the hotel or other type of accommodation used (children under 10 are exempt and the tax does not apply after 10 days)
The interior of the Pantheon, by Giovanni Paolo Panini. It’s a Grand Tour painting. Rome has been one of the most visited cities in the world for the past two millennia. In Roman times, Rome was the center and most powerful city of western civilization, dominating all of the Mediterranean, North Africa, England, and parts of the Middle East.
Thereafter it became one of the most important cities of Christianity since the Pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church resided and still lives in Rome. It became a worldwide pilgrimage center and later in the Renaissance when the city became an important European capital of arts, education, philosophy, and commerce, it became an important hub for bankers, artists, and other people in general.
Later, in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries, the city was one of the centers of the Grand Tour, when wealthy young English aristocrats visited the city to learn about ancient Roman culture, art, philosophy, and architecture. In the 1840s, the first type of mass tourism began, and Rome became an extremely popular attraction not only for Brits but for people all over the world. However, the number of tourists dropped dramatically in the 1870s, when Rome became a battleground for revolutionaries and one of the homes of the Risorgimento, and remained so, except for a brief period in the 1920s.
However, as Rome emerged relatively unscathed from World War II, unlike Milan or Naples, it became an extremely popular and trendy city in the 1950s and 1960s, when numerous glamorous and exciting films, such as Roman Holiday, Ben Hur, and the more famous La Dolce Vita  were shot in the city. Countless stars, actors, actresses, and celebrities, such as Federico Fellini, Audrey Hepburn, Gregory Peck, and Anita Ekberg, lived or stayed in Rome, especially along the elegant and luxurious Via Veneto, where most of the most elegant and elegant Roman hotels were located. great. and still found.
After a brief decline in the number of tourists in the 1980s (due to terrorist activity led by the Red Brigades and political scandals), the city has now become one of the most famous tourist attractions in the world.
Most popular tourist attractions
The Round Room of the Vatican Museums
The two most popular tourist destinations in Rome are the Vatican Museums (with over 4.2 million tourists a year, making it the 37th most visited destination in the world) and the Colosseum (with around 4 million tourists a year, making it the 39th most visited destination in the world). most popular tourist destination in the world).
Other famous attractions include St. Peter’s Basilica, Roman Forum, Pantheon, Trevi Fountain, Spanish Steps, Via Condotti, Via Veneto, Capitoline Museums, Villa Borghese Gardens, Villa Giulia, Piazza Navona, the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, the Archbasilica of San Giovanni Laterano, Piazza del Popolo, Castel Sant’Angelo, Campo de ‘Fiori, Palazzo del Quirinale, Palazzo Lateranense and Palazzo Barberini, just to name a few.
Rome can be divided into several districts. The so-called old town (old town) is quite small, only about 4% of the city’s surface. This consists mainly of ancient Rome and the Colosseum, as explained below:
Centro Moderno – Where the hotels are located, as well as plenty of shops and restaurants along Via Veneto; seat of the Quirinale, Trevi Fountain, Barberini, Castro Pretorio and Repubblica.
Historic district – the center of the Middle Ages and the Roman Renaissance, with several squares, cathedrals, the Pantheon, and many informal restaurants; it includes the districts of Navona, Campo de ‘Fiori, and the Jewish ghettos
The Vatican – the papal city-state and its endless wealth of monuments, relics, and museums, as well as the surrounding Italian Vatican quarter
Colosseum – the heart of ancient Rome, the Colosseum, the Roman Forum, the Forum of Augustus, the Forum and Trajan’s Markets, the Campidoglio and its museums
North Center Rome
North Center—located in the northern part of Rome, home to Villa Borghese, the Spanish Steps, and the elegant neighborhoods of Parioli and Salario
Trastevere – the land south of the Vatican, on the west bank of the Tiber, full of narrow cobbled streets and lonely squares that inspired artists such as Giorgio de Chirico, today arguably the center of Rome’s artistic life
Aventino-Testaccio—there are several restaurants in the area.
Esquilino-San Giovanni – south of Termini, with a covered market, Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, and Rome’s Cathedral of St. John Lateran
Nomentano—Municipio III, the neighborhoods “behind” the station
North – the large suburban neighborhoods north of the center (Municipi 4, 15-20)
South – home to sprawling suburbs and monumental Fascist architecture in EUR as well as catacombs and the Appian Way. (Municipi 5–13)
Ostia—Rome’s seaside resort and port ruins of ancient Rome.
Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tourism_in_Rome