The Danakil depression is a desert area in the Afar region in northeastern Ethiopia. It lies to the north of the Great Rift Valley, widely known locally as Dallol’s depression. It is the hottest region in the world year-round and geologically meres one of the most active deserts.
The area is also called the land “Ardi ” (Ardipithecus ramidus) and “Lucy ” (Australopithecus afarensis)-hominid which has been proposed as one of the first putative ancestors. In June 2010, the oldest direct evidence of stone tool making was found in the region and attributed to the Australopithecus afarensis hominid dating from more than three million years ago.
Near the southern end of the Red Sea, a very large depression, more or less triangular in shape goes down far below sea level-some point near the area known as the ghost town of Dallol. Its height is almost 120 meters below sea level).
In this area of unfriendly people, the Afar lived a nomadic people who numbered about 3 million and largely ignored the national borders between Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Somaliland. They seemed to have moved their country.
Danakin Depression Is An Intersection Of Three Tectonic Plates
The rest of the Afar depression is the intersection of three tectonic plates where the ridge spreads that spread form the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden appear on land and meet the Rift East Africa. Afar Depression is one of two places on Earth, where the middle Sea ridge can be learned on land, the other being in Iceland. Currently, Afar is slowly pulled apart at a speed of 1-2cm per year. The Afar depression floor is largely composed of basaltic lava. Afar Depression and Triple Junction also marked the location of the fur coat, a large uprising of the melted mantle of the earth to produce basal.
This place, which was once part of the Red Sea, has a few kilometers of salt deposits. In some places, the salt deposits are as thick as about 5 km (3 miles). Under many salt lakes is a substantial source of volcanic heat which causes hot water to rise through a layer of salt and precipitate anhydrites. The minerals are also dissolved and stored near the springs, and form a very reminiscent (but smaller than) Hornitos form of the basaltic lava flow. Sulfur, other minerals, and possibly Thermopylae bacteria cause a spectacular color.
See The Lava And Salt-Filled Dallol Desert
It is a vast expanse of very hot deserts with lava flows and salt plains and lakes located beneath the sea level. The active and extinct volcano lies along the south-north axis with the very salty Lake Afrera, at an altitude of 120 m below sea level, staying alive by many hot springs that feed him.
Dallol offers the opportunity to see the first signs of forming a new ocean basin. Mt. Dallol, the only volcanic crater beneath sea level on land, remained inactive since 1926, because the seabed that one day would be occupied gradually widened. In the south of Dallol, a rectangular salt slab is cut and transported to a plateau in the almost endless procession of camel caravan. The Salt Canyon in the south of Mount Dallol is some of the most impressive geological features in the area. It looks like another planet because there are many colorful rocks in every meter terrain. It looks like something from a science fiction novel.
Dallol is the northernmost extension of the valley of the Great Rift – the biggest geographical feature in Africa (if you ignore the Sahara ERG and Reg) and the only feature as it is easily seen from the moon by the first Americans who walked there. As he was below sea level, he seemed to trap all the heat. His latest flock, Dallol, was formed during an eruption in 1926. The hot springs and a colourful deposit of fumaroles are found in the Dallol area with some areas more than 116 m (328 ft) below sea level. There are hot yellow sulfur fields between the sparkling white salt expanses. Heat is not the only thing people feel in Dallol Depression. Alarming earthquakes are often perceived. There are also some active volcanoes.
The Most Active Volcano In Etiphia Ale
Erta Ale, an active shield volcano, is another impressive natural phenomenon. It is the most active volcano in Ethiopia. Ale Erta is a height of 613m, with a lake of lava, one of only five in the world, at the summit. It is the longest lava lake in attendance, coming from 1906. Erta Ale, where the flock is located only in the world beneath the sea-level volcano, has a technically colored landscape, a tremendous mineral deposit. The sulphurous lake and the bubbling sulfur springs are an interesting sight to miss.
Also Known As Dallol Ghost Town
The ghost town of Dallol, constructed from blocks of salt and that almost crosses the Eritrean border to the east of the Tigrayan Plateau, is officially listed as the hottest place on earth, with an average annual temperature of 35 degrees Celsius and the hottest daily temperatures Reaches 40. °C throughout the year. Most of these vast and practically uninhabited areas are under the most dry and tectonic areas on the planet. Danakil is a single geologic attraction area. A strange landscape of the moon studded with the active volcanic hot springs of sulfur. The black lava flow freezes. And a large salt-basked basin. These are some of the sizes of Danakil’s geological activity that more than 30 active or inactive volcanoes are roughly a quarter of the total listed by the Smithsonian’s global Volcanism program instituted. This volcano is all geological babies that have been formed over the last millions of years and with so many forms now in the last 10,000 years.
The Two Main Lines Of “The Hell Hole” Depression Danakil
The two main access lines to Danakil are:
- Berahile-About 120 km and 2 hours from Mekele along the traditional caravan route to Lake Asale. Some people estimate that one million camels a year pass this way in the year 2007! It is still at an altitude of about 1000m and hence the heat has not oppressed – albeit descending in the valley among some peaks that look very dry. The carefully constructed Tigraian houses and clean streets are mixed with simpler Afar huts. This is the last place for a cold drink (ish) for quite a while; You can even grab a beer in the bars which are mostly reserved for the military on dusty descent into the city.
- Serdo – The city left by the lord on the newly paved Assab Road about 3 hours ‘ drive from Lake Afrera. This southerly route used to be much less popular but the smoother asphalt had drastically changed it.
You can even consider the loop starting at Mekele and traveling through Berahile, Hamed Ela, Dallol, Lake Asale, Erta Ale, Lake Afrera and back through Serdo. Done in this direction will negate the need to battle with the Afar Tourism Commission in Semera about 50 km before Serdo if you are travelling from Addis Ababa. Give it about USD80 a day for three or four (depending on your bargain skills and how rich your looks are) arm Afaris to accompany you. Theoretically these people should provide themselves but it may be wise to discuss this aspect as part of the initial negotiations. If they have relatives along the way this can work cheaper as they can summon clan loyalty and hospitality – equally it can be more expensive if some need to ride rides for clinic treatments, etc.
Explaining The Depression Of Danakil Is A Rearming Adventure Tour
In April 2018, the Canadian government, New Zealand and Australia suggested that all trips to Danakil and the American government recommend its citizens to “reconsider the journey” due to crimes, a slight level of concern Lower. The British government provided more nuanced advice: “There is now an increase in military and police presence in the area. Travel may be interrupted and entry to some sites may be banned in a short time. If you are in that area, be careful. and follow the advice of local authorities. You may only travel to this area with a recognised tour company — such a tour is usually backed by armed police or military guards. “(The Irish Government provides similar suggestions.)
In 2012 a group of tourists were attacked, with five European tourists killed and the other two kidnapped, and by 2017, a German tourist was shot dead and an Ethiopian guide shot and injured while in Erta Ale, so if you choose to go, Check on current and cautious conditions, strong precautions. It’s important not to stray too far from other members of your tour group.
There are also security issues unrelated to violent threats. There is no warning sign or fence, but you must remain at least one metre from the edge of the Erta Ale crater. Do not touch the water in Dallol Pond, because it is acidic. And if you have to be injured, the next hospital is at Mekelle, which is a few hours through the Berhale.
People in this region always have a bad reputation for being hostile rather than welcoming outside people. Their curved blade frightened, jile, used to castrated visitors who rarely came up until the 1930 ‘s
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