Turkey Tourist Attractions Map

Turkey Tourist Attractions Map
Turkey Tourist Attractions Map.Turkey tourist attractions map- map of tourist attractions in Istanbul turkey- what is the most beautiful place in Turkey.Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye) may be a bi-continental country: while geographically most of the country is situated in Asia, Eastern Thrace is a component of Europe and lots of Turks have a way of European identity.

Turkey offers a wealth of destination varieties to travelers: from dome-and-minaret filled skyline of Istanbul to Roman ruins along the western and southern coasts, from heavily indented coastline against a mountainous backdrop of Lycia and wide and sunny beaches of Pamphylia to cold and snowy mountains of the East, from crazy “foam parties” of Bodrum to Middle Eastern-flavoured cities of Southeastern Anatolia, from verdant misty mountains of Eastern Black Sea to wide steppe landscapes of Central Anatolia, there’s something for everyone’s taste—whether they be traveling on an extreme budget by hitchhiking or by a multi-million yacht.

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Turkey Regions

Turkey regions – Color-coded map:

  • Aegean Turkey
    Greek and Roman ruins between the azure sea on one side and silvery olive groves on the opposite
  • Black Sea Turkey
    Heavily forested mountains offering great outdoor sports like trekking and rafting
  • Central Anatolia
    Tree-poor central steppes with the capital, Hittite and Phrygian ruins, and moon-like Cappadocia
  • Eastern Anatolia
    High and mountainous eastern spare harsh winters. Historically inhabited by Armenians.
  • Marmara Region
    The most urbanized region with Byzantine and Ottoman monuments in a number of the country’s greatest cities
  • Mediterranean Turkey
    Mountains clad with pine woods ascending right from the heavily-indented coastline of the crystal clear sea
  • Southeastern Anatolia
    Semi-desert/mountainous a part of the country. Primarily Kurdish inhabited.

Cities at Turkey

  • 1 Ankara — the capital of Turkey and its second-largest city
  • 2 Antalya — the fastest growing city, hub to an array of beach resorts
  • 3 Bodrum — a classy coastal town in Southern Aegean which turns into a crowded city in the season when it is a playground for Turkish and international holidaymakers alike, featuring a citadel, Roman ruins, trendy clubs, and a variety of villages surrounding the peninsula each with a special character from classy to rustic
  • 4 Edirne — the second capital of the Ottoman Empire
  • 5 Istanbul — Turkey’s largest city, the previous capital of both the Ottoman and Byzantine Empires, and therefore the only major city within the world to straddle two continents
  • 6 Izmir — Turkey’s third-largest city, hub to an array of beach resorts
  • 7 Konya — a quite large city that’s the heartland of mystic Sufi order, the location of Rumi’s tomb, and with some elegant Seljuq architecture, all surrounded by vast steppes
  • 8 Trabzon — the wonderful Sumela Monastery is simply outside the town and it’s an excellent gateway to exploring the Turkish Northeast
  • 9 Urfa — a city with beautiful architecture and very friendly locals at the gates of the Eastern World; where Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic, and Assyrian cultures mingle

Other destinations in Turkey

Over the turquoise waters in Ölüdeniz

  • 1 Ani — impressive ruins of the medieval Armenian capital within the Far East of the country; referred to as the town of 1000 churches
  • 2 Cappadocia — a neighborhood within the central highlands best known for its unique moon-like landscape (the “fairy chimneys”), underground cities, cave churches, and houses carved within the rocks
  • 3 Ephesus — well-preserved ruins of the Roman city on the West Coast
  • 4 Gallipoli — site of 1915 Anzac landing and lots of WWI memorials
  • 5 Mount Nemrut — a UNESCO World Heritage site with head statues dedicated to ancient gods on its summit
  • 6 Ölüdeniz — incomparable postcard great thing about the “Blue Lagoon”, perhaps the foremost famous beach of Turkey which you’ll see on any tourism brochure
  • 7 Pamukkale — “the Cotton Castle”, white world of travertines surrounding cascading shallow pools crammed with thermal waters
  • 8 Sümela Sumela Monastery on Wikipedia — stunning monastery on the cliffs of a mountain, a must-see on any trip to the northeast coast
  • 9 Uludağ — a park featuring school textbook belts of various sorts of forests varying with altitude, and therefore the major winter sports resort of the country.

As a general rule, most museums and sites of ancient cities in Turkey are closed on Mondays (even Hagia Sophia). The Turkish government offers a museum pass for several sights and museums in Turkey for 375 TL. inspect what’s included, and pip out if it is sensible for you. Numerous sights can still be seen free of charge though.

Turkey’s famous Göbekli Tepe.
At the crossroads of civilizations, all parts of Turkey are filled with a mindblowing number of ancient ruins.

Göbekli Tepe, an ancient archaeological site near the town of Şanlıurfa in Southeastern Anatolia, Turkey.

Hittites, the primary indigenous folks that rose to found a state in Anatolia—although Çatalhöyük and Göbekli Tepe preceding them, the earliest settlement and earliest temple ever found to the date in Turkey—left the proof of their existence at the ruins of Hattuşaş, their capital. The Hittites spoke an Indoeuropean language (the oldest one attested in writing) and were contemporaries of the “New Kingdom” of Ancient Egypt, engaged in extensive correspondence and diplomacy with the eastern Mediterranean world.

Ancient Greeks and closely following Romans left their mark mostly in Aegean and Mediterranean Regions, leaving the marble ruins of many cities, temples, and monuments. Some are largely restored to their former glory, like Ephesus also as numerous others along the Aegean coast which are on the checklist of most travelers to Turkey, alongside some more obscure ones off the beaten path like Aphrodisias near Denizli, and Aizanoi near Kütahya.

In the meantime, other indigenous peoples, like Lycians, were carving beautiful tombs—many of which are fairly well preserved and may be seen all around Lycia—for their dearly departed ones onto the rocky hillsides.

Legendary Troy stands out as an example of various civilizations literally living on the highest of every other. While what’s visible today is clearly Hellenistic, the place has its roots as Hittite Wilusa, and later re-built repeatedly over by Ancient Greeks.

Perhaps the foremost unique “architectural” heritage within the country, a number of the Cappadocian cave houses and churches carved into “fairy chimneys” and underground cities (in a literal sense!) go back to early Christians hiding from persecution.

Successors of Romans, the Byzantines, broke new ground with more ambitious projects, culminating in grand Hagia Sophia of Istanbul, inbuilt 537, and which had the excellence of being the most important cathedral within the world for nearly a thousand years. While a stray monastery or two dating back to the age are often found in almost any part of the country, most of the Byzantine heritage intact today is found within the Marmara Region, especially in Istanbul, and within the area around Trabzon within the far northeast, which was the domain of the Empire of Trebizond, a rump Byzantine state that survived the autumn of Constantinople for a few decades.

Seljuk ruins protected by a contemporary roof construction in Konya
Seljuks, the primary ever Turkic state to be founded in Asia Minor, built most of their monuments—which incorporates large majestic portals and heavily delicate stonework, like some landmarks in parts of Asia—in major centers of the time in Eastern and Central Anatolia, especially in Konya, their capital.

Ottomans, who had considered themselves as a Balkan country until their demise, built most of their landmarks in the Balkans and therefore the natural extension of Balkans within today’s Turkey—Marmara Region—just like the Byzantines, whom the Ottomans inspired in numerous ways. Most of the sooner Ottoman monuments were inbuilt Bursa, which have little Byzantine and comparatively large Seljuk influences, and later, when the dynasty moved to Europe, in Edirne, a number of the main landmarks of which exhibit some quite “transitional” and fairly experimental style. It wasn’t until the autumn of Constantinople that the Ottomans adopted Byzantine architecture almost full scale with some adjustments. However, the Ottoman imperial architecture possibly reached its zenith not in Istanbul, but in Edirne—in the shape of Selimiye Mosque, a piece of Sinan, the good Ottoman architecture of the 16th century.

The 19th century brought back the Greek and Roman taste of architectural styles, so there was an enormous explosion of neo-classical architecture, the maximum amount fashionable in Turkey as within much of the remainder of the planet at that point. Galata side of Istanbul, Izmir (though unfortunately most of which was lost to the large fire of 1922), and various towns along the coasts, one most prominent and well-preserved example being Ayvalık, quickly crammed with elegant neo-classical buildings.

At an equivalent time, people in additional inland locations were favoring pleasant, more traditional, and fewer pretentious half-timbered whitewashed houses, which form picturesque towns like Safranbolu, Beypazarı, and Şirince in northern, central, and western a part of the country respectively. it had been also this point beautiful and impressive wooden mansions of Istanbul’s seaside neighborhoods and islands were built. Other contemporary trends of the age, like Baroque and Rococo, didn’t make many inroads in Turkey, although there have been some experiments of mixing them into Islamic architecture, as are often seen at Ortaköy Mosque on the banks of Bosphorus alongside some others.

As the landscapes change the more east you go, so does the architectural heritage. The remote valleys and hilltops of Eastern Karadeniz and Eastern Anatolia are dotted with numerous medieval Georgian and Armenian churches and castles—some of which are nicely well preserved but not all were that lucky. Armenian cathedral on Akdamar Island of Lake Van and medieval Ani are two that lay somewhere on the midway between perfectly preserved and undergone total destruction, but both are absolutely must-sees if you’ve made your way that east. For a change, Southeastern Anatolia features more Middle East-influenced architecture, with arched courtyards and heavy usage of yellow stones with highly exquisite masonry. it is best seen in Urfa, and particularly in Mardin and nearby Midyat.

Being on the crossroads of civilizations more often than not also means being the battleground of civilizations. So it’s no wonder why numerous castles and citadels dot the landscape, both in towns and countryside, and both on the coasts and inland. Most of the castles built during different stages of history are today the main attractions of the towns they’re standing on.

The 20th century wasn’t kind on Turkish cities. thanks to the pressure caused by high rates of immigration from rural to urban areas, many historical neighborhoods in cities were knocked down in favor of soulless (and usually, drab ugly) apartment blocks, and outskirts of major cities transformed to shantytowns. there’s not really much of a gem within the name of recent architecture in Turkey. Steel-and-glass skyscrapers, on the opposite hand, are now slowly and sparsely being erected in major cities, one example where they concentrate very much like to make a skyline view being the downtown of Istanbul, although hardly impressive compared with major metropolises around the world known for his or her skyscraper filled skylines.
Read more: https://en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Turkey

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