Japan (Japanese: ipp Nippon or Nihon; official name: About this voice, Nipponkoku or Nihonkoku, literal name: “Japan Country”) is an island nation of East Asia. It is located at the western end of the Pacific Ocean, east of the Sea of Japan, and adjacent to the People’s Republic of China, Korea and Russia. The northernmost islands are in the Sea of Okhotsk, and the southernmost region is a group of small islands located in the East China Sea, south of Okinawa, which is adjacent to Taiwan.
Japan comprises 6,852 islands and makes it an archipelago. The main islands from north to south are Hokkaido, Honshu (the largest island), Shikoku and Kyushu. About 97% of Japan’s continental surface is on the four largest islands. Most of Japan’s islands are mountainous and some of them are volcanoes. The highest mountain in Japan is Mount Fuji, which is a volcano. Japan has a population of 128 million and is the 10th most populous country in the world. Tokyo is in fact the capital of Japan and is domiciled as a prefecture. Tokyo is the name of Tokyo and several cities in the prefecture that surround it. Tokyo Raya, the world’s largest metropolitan area, has more than 30 million inhabitants.
According to traditional mythology, Emperor Jimmu founded Japan in the 7th century BC. Emperor Jimmu has launched a chain of Japanese monarchies that has not been broken until now. Nevertheless, throughout its history, real power has been in the hands of courtiers, shoguns, the military and until modern times, in the hands of the Prime Minister. According to japan’s 1947 Constitution, Japan was a constitutional monarchy under the leadership of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese Parliament.
As an economically developed country, Japan has the second largest gross domestic product after the United States and ranks in the top three in terms of purchasing capacity. Japan is a member of the United Nations, the G8, the OECD and APEC. Japan has sufficient military power, modern defense systems such as AEGIS and a large fleet of destroyers. In foreign trade, Japan is ranked 4th among the exporting countries and the 6th largest importer in the world. As a developed country, Japan’s population has a high standard of living (ranked 8th in the Human Development Index) and the highest life expectancy in the world according to UN estimates. In the field of technology, Japan is a developed country in the field of telecommunications, machinery and robotics.
Japan’s Geographical Climate and Weather Conditions
Japan has more than 3,000 islands located on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, east of the Asian continent. The term Japanese archipelago refers to four large islands from north to south, Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, as well as the Ryukyu Islands south of Kyushu. About 70% to 80% of Japan’s territory is made up of forest mountains and is suitable for agriculture, industry and residential areas. Steep areas are dangerous to live in due to the risk of landslides due to earthquakes, soft ground and heavy rains. As a result, stands are concentrated in the coastal area. Japan is one of the most populous countries in the world.
Japan often has low-power earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions, as they are located above the Pacific Ring of Fire, at the confluence of three tectonic plates. Earthquakes often cause tsunamis. Every century, several tsunamis occur in Japan. The major earthquake of 2004 in Japan was the 2004 Chetsu earthquake and the Great Hanshin Earthquake in 1995. Geography meant that Japan had many hot springs, most of which were built as tourist destinations.
Japan is in a temperate climate with a clear division of four seasons. However, there are striking climatic differences between the northern and southern regions. In winter, northern Japan, like Hokkaido, experiences winter, but on the contrary, the southern part of Japan is subtropical. The climate is also influenced by the monsoon that blows from the Asian continent to the Pacific Ocean in winter and vice versa in summer.
Japan’s climate is divided into six climatic zones:
The northernmost region has a temperate climate with long, icy winters and cool summers. Rainfall is not significant, but it snows a lot in winter.
On the west coast of Honshu Island, the northwest wind brings very heavy snow. In summer, this region is cooler than the Pacific region. However, temperatures in this region can sometimes be very high due to high winds.
This region has an indoor climate with a very striking difference in average summer-winter temperatures. The difference in temperature between day and night is also very striking.
Seto Inland Sea
The mountain ranges of the Chugoku and Shikoku regions block the monsoon path, giving the region a temperate climate.
The eastern coastal region of Japan is experiencing a very cold winter, but little snow. On the contrary, the summer becomes so humid because of the south-easterly monsoon winds.
The islands of southwestern Japan, including the Ryukyu Islands, are subtropical, warm in winter and warm throughout the summer. Rainfall is very high, especially during the rainy season. Typhus happens a lot.
The highest temperature on record in Japan was 40.9 degrees Celsius on August 16, 2007.
The rainy season starts earlier in Okinawa, that is, since the beginning of May. The front line of the rainy season moves northward, but ends in northern Japan before reaching Hokkaido. In most parts of Honshu, the rainy season begins in mid-June and lasts six weeks. Typhoons often occur in September and October. The reason is the tropical pressure on the equator which moves from the southwest to the northeast and often brings very heavy rains.
Japanese Imperial Family
Emperor Naruhito is the current Emperor of Japan. Emperor Naruhito ascended the throne as the 126th emperor after his father, Emperor Hirohito, abdicated on May 1, 2019. Emperor Naruhito married Crown Princess Masako, who belonged to the ordinary population and had a daughter named Aiko (Putri Toshi). Emperor Naruhito’s sister, Prince Akishino, married Kiko Kawashima, who also came from ordinary people. Prince Akishino has two daughters, namely (Putri Mako and Putri Kako), as well as a son named Prince Hisahito.
Japanese culture includes the strong interaction between Indigenous Jomon culture and the foreign influences that result from it. At first, China and Korea had a lot of influence, starting with the development of the Yayoi culture around 300 BC. The combined Greek and Indian cultural traditions have influenced Japanese art and religion since the 6th century AD, complemented by the introduction of Mahayana sectarian Buddhism. Since the 16th century, European influence has stood out, followed by the American influence that dominated Japan after the end of the Second World War. Japan has also developed original and unique cultures, both in art (ikebana, origami, ukiyo-e), crafts (sculptures, pottery, offerings (bunraku dolls, traditional dances, kabuki, noh, rakugo) and traditions (Japanese games , onsen sento, tea ceremony, Japanese garden) and Japanese food.
Today, Japan is one of the largest exporters of pop culture. Anime, manga, fashion, films, literature, video games and Japanese music have received rave reviews around the world, particularly in other Asian countries. Young Japanese like to create new trends and hobbies to follow their styles influence fashion and trends around the world. The excellent youth market is a test for new consumer electronics products, whose style and function are determined by Japanese users, before being considered for worldwide release.
Recently, Japan began exporting another valuable cultural product: the sportsman. The popularity of Japanese baseball players in the United States raises western awareness of all things japan.
The Japanese generally like to eat their traditional food. In the evenings, most television programmes are devoted to the discovery and production of quality traditional foods. Japanese food prints names around the world with sushi, usually made from various types of raw fish combined with rice and wasabi. Sushi has many fans around the world. Japanese food is based on the transition of the season, serving cold noodles and sashimi in summer, while warm ramen and shabu-shabu in winter.
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